Traumatic events spark other mental health challengesJanuary 23, 2023
A study of 2,000 Welsh and English youth at age 18, showed that young people who had faced trauma were at much higher risk of specific mental disorders. These included:
- substance use disorder (other than alcohol or cannabis) — 3.5 times higher odds
- conduct disorder — 2.3 times higher odds
- cannabis use disorder — 2.3 times higher odds
- generalized anxiety disorder — 2.2 times higher odds
- depression — 2.2 times higher odds
- attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder — 1.9 times higher odds
- alcohol use disorder — 1.5 times higher odds.
- self-harm —3.5 times higher odds.
- attempting suicide — 5 times higher odds
- committing a violent offense — 1.5 times higher odds.
In a similar study with US youth, all traumatic exposures assessed were associated with up to double the risk for developing a substance use disorder. As well, exposure to interpersonal violence more than doubled the risk for girls developing conduct disorder. For more information, see Vol. 15, No. 1 of the Children’s Mental Health Research Quarterly.